Items filtered by date: April 2024

Swollen feet during pregnancy, a common discomfort known as edema, can affect expectant mothers due to various physiological changes. As pregnancy progresses, the body retains more fluid to support the growing fetus and prepare for childbirth. This increased fluid retention, combined with hormonal shifts and changes in blood circulation, can lead to swelling in the feet and ankles. The expanding uterus can also exert pressure on blood vessels, impeding the return of blood from the lower extremities and contributing to swelling. Additionally, the body produces more progesterone during pregnancy, which relaxes the walls of blood vessels and contributes to fluid buildup. Factors such as standing or sitting for prolonged periods, high ambient temperatures, and a diet high in sodium can also worsen swelling. While mild foot swelling is typically normal during pregnancy, severe or sudden swelling may indicate a more serious condition, such as preeclampsia, necessitating prompt medical attention. If the swelling of your feet has become a problem during your pregnancy, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can regularly monitor this condition.

Pregnant women with swollen feet can be treated with a variety of different methods that are readily available. For more information about other cures for swollen feet during pregnancy, consult with Jeffrey L. Bober, DPM from Maryland. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What Foot Problems Can Arise During Pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is overpronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.  This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy but tends to occur in the later stages. 

How Can I Keep My Feet Healthy During Pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Glen Burnie, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 23 April 2024 00:00

Where Are Plantar Warts Found?

Plantar warts, medically termed Verruca plantaris, are common skin growths caused by the human papillomavirus, or HPV. These warts typically appear on the soles of the feet, often in areas subjected to pressure or friction, such as the heels or balls of the feet. Plantar warts often manifest as small, rough, grainy lesions with black dots, or wart seeds, scattered throughout. These black dots are actually tiny blood vessels. While plantar warts are usually harmless, they can cause discomfort or pain, especially when walking or standing. The HPV virus enters the body through small cuts or breaks in the skin, making individuals who frequently walk barefoot in communal areas more susceptible to infection. Treatment options for plantar warts range from remedies like salicylic acid patches or freezing kits to medical procedures performed by podiatrists. Seeking prompt treatment is essential to alleviate symptoms and prevent the spread of plantar warts to other areas of the feet or other individuals. If you have a plantar wart, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist who can offer the best treatment option for you.

Plantar warts can be very uncomfortable. If you need your feet checked, contact Jeffrey L. Bober, DPM from Maryland. Our doctor will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

About Plantar Warts

Plantar warts are the result of HPV, or human papillomavirus, getting into open wounds on the feet. They are mostly found on the heels or balls of the feet.

While plantar warts are generally harmless, those experiencing excessive pain or those suffering from diabetes or a compromised immune system require immediate medical care. Plantar warts are easily diagnosed, usually through scraping off a bit of rough skin or by getting a biopsy.


  • Lesions on the bottom of your feet, usually rough and grainy
  • Hard or thick callused spots
  • Wart seeds, which are small clotted blood vessels that look like little black spots
  • Pain, discomfort, or tenderness of your feet when walking or standing


  • Freezing
  • Electric tool removal
  • Laser Treatment
  • Topical Creams (prescription only)
  • Over-the-counter medications

To help prevent developing plantar warts, avoid walking barefoot over abrasive surfaces that can cause cuts or wounds for HPV to get into. Avoiding direct contact with other warts, as well as not picking or rubbing existing warts, can help prevent the further spread of plantar warts. However, if you think you have developed plantar warts, speak to your podiatrist. He or she can diagnose the warts on your feet and recommend the appropriate treatment options.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Glen Burnie, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 16 April 2024 00:00

Kids Foot Facts

Feet are fascinating parts of the body with many interesting facts that children can learn about. Humans have 26 bones in each foot, and these bones work together to provide support, balance, and mobility. The feet have over 100 muscles, tendons, and ligaments, allowing for intricate movements like walking, running, and jumping. Feet also contain thousands of sweat glands, helping to regulate body temperature and keep them cool. Additionally, the soles of the feet are covered in tough skin called calluses, which protect them from friction and pressure. Kids might be surprised to learn that the size and shape of their feet can change as they grow, which is why it is essential to wear properly fitting shoes. By understanding these fun foot facts, children can appreciate the incredible design and functionality of their feet while learning how to care for them to stay healthy and active. If your child has foot pain for any reason, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can offer appropriate treatment options.

Making sure that your children maintain good foot health is very important as they grow. If you have any questions, contact Jeffrey L. Bober, DPM of Maryland. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

Having healthy feet during childhood can help prevent medical problems later in life, namely in the back and legs. As children grow, their feet require different types of care. Here are some things to consider...

Although babies do not walk yet, it is still very important to take care of their feet.

Avoid putting tight shoes or socks on his or her feet.

Allow the baby to stretch and kick his or her feet to feel comfortable.

As a toddler, kids are now on the move and begin to develop differently. At this age, toddlers are getting a feel for walking, so don’t be alarmed if your toddler is unsteady or ‘walks funny’. 

As your child gets older, it is important to teach them how to take care of their feet.

Show them proper hygiene to prevent infections such as fungus.

Be watchful for any pain or injury.

Have all injuries checked by a doctor as soon as possible.

Comfortable, protective shoes should always be worn, especially at play.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Glen Burnie, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Plantar fasciitis, a common cause of heel pain, occurs when the thick band of tissue running along the bottom of the foot becomes inflamed. Diagnosing this condition typically involves a thorough physical examination by a podiatrist, focusing on the affected foot's tenderness and range of motion. Imaging tests such as X-rays or MRI scans may also be utilized to rule out other possible causes of heel pain and confirm the diagnosis. Once diagnosed, incorporating stretching exercises into a daily routine can help alleviate symptoms and promote healing. Simple stretches targeting the calf muscles and the plantar fascia itself, such as calf stretches, towel stretches, and plantar fascia stretches can effectively reduce tightness and discomfort. These stretches should be performed gently and consistently to gradually improve flexibility and reduce strain on the affected tissues. In addition to stretching, lifestyle modifications may be recommended to manage plantar fasciitis and restore foot health. If you have heel pain, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can offer you treatment options.

Plantar fasciitis can be very painful and inconvenient. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact Jeffrey L. Bober, DPM  from Maryland. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot, known as the plantar fascia, and causes mild to severe heel pain.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

  • Excessive running
  • Non-supportive shoes
  • Overpronation
  • Repeated stretching and tearing of the plantar fascia

How Can It Be Treated?

  • Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices
  • Shockwave therapy – sound waves are sent to the affected area to facilitate healing and are usually used for chronic cases of plantar fasciitis
  • Surgery – usually only used as a last resort when all else fails. The plantar fascia can be surgically detached from the heel

While very treatable, plantar fasciitis is definitely not something that should be ignored. Especially in severe cases, speaking to your doctor right away is highly recommended to avoid complications and severe heel pain. Your podiatrist can work with you to provide the appropriate treatment options tailored to your condition.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Glen Burnie, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Plantar Fasciitis
Tuesday, 02 April 2024 00:00

Exploring Sever's Disease

Sever's disease, despite its name, is not actually a disease but rather a common condition affecting children during periods of rapid growth. Also known as calcaneal apophysitis, Sever's disease occurs when the growth plate at the back of the heel bone becomes inflamed due to repetitive stress or overuse. This condition commonly affects active children and adolescents, particularly those involved in sports like running or jumping. Symptoms of Sever's disease typically include heel pain, tenderness, and swelling, which may worsen with physical activity and improve with rest. Although Sever's disease is temporary and does not cause long-term damage, it can be debilitating and affect a child's participation in sports and daily activities. With proper care and management, most children recover from Sever's disease within a few weeks to months, allowing them to resume their normal activities pain-free. If your child has heel pain and participates in sporting activities, it may be possible Sever’s disease has developed. It is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can help you to manage this condition.

Sever's disease often occurs in children and teens. If your child is experiencing foot or ankle pain, see Jeffrey L. Bober, DPM from Maryland. Our doctor can treat your child’s foot and ankle needs.

Sever’s Disease

Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.

Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.


Acute pain – Pain associated with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.

Highly active – Children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Glen Burnie, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

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