Items filtered by date: March 2023

Wearing golf shoes helps to keep the feet stable and gives the necessary support and balance needed during a swing of the golf club. Beginners to golf may find the task of choosing the right golf shoe daunting. Besides finding a shoe that fits properly, the next most important factor in choosing golf shoes is traction. Two types of shoes are commonly worn, spiked or cleated shoes, and spikeless shoes. In both cases, the job of the golf shoe is to keep the golfer’s feet stable throughout the swing. Shoes with cleats or spikes contain hard plastic rounds that screw into the sole of the shoe. These are replaceable, as they may wear out. Metal spikes are likely to be banned at most golf courses. Non-spiked shoes contain a pattern of ridges, termed traction lugs, that help provide gripping power. These shoes may be more comfortable, but may not be as effective as spiked shoes. To avoid foot and ankle issues that can result from learning to play golf, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist for guidance.   

It is important to find shoes that fit you properly in order to avoid a variety of different foot problems. For more information about treatment, contact Jeffrey L. Bober, DPM from Maryland. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Proper Shoe Fitting

Shoes have many different functions. They cushion our body weight, protect our feet, and allow us to safely play sports. You should always make sure that the shoes you wear fit you properly in order to avoid injuries and deformities such as: bunions, corns, calluses, hammertoes, plantar fasciitis, stress fractures, and more. It is important to note that although a certain pair of shoes might be a great fit for someone else, that doesn’t mean they will be a great fit for you. This is why you should always try on shoes before buying them to make sure they are worth the investment. Typically, shoes need to be replaced ever six months to one year of regular use.

Tips for Proper Shoe Fitting

  • Select a shoe that is shaped like your foot
  • Don’t buy shoes that fit too tight, expecting them to stretch to fit
  • Make sure there is enough space (3/8” to ½”) for your longest toe at the end of each shoe when you are standing up
  • Walk in the shoes to make sure they fit and feel right
  • Don’t select shoes by the size marked inside the shoe, but by how the shoe fits your foot

The shoes you buy should always feel as good as they look. Shoes that fit properly will last longer, feel better, and improve your way of life each day.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Glen Burnie, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 21 March 2023 00:00

The Feet Are Complex Structures

The feet carry the weight of the body, and they help to maintain balance. The heels and balls of the feet absorb the majority of the body’s weight. Proper balance can be achieved from the foot and leg muscles that provide stabilizing movements. Each foot consists of 26 bones that are connected by tendons and ligaments, which are part of the foot’s complex structure. The ankle connects the foot and lower leg bones and is divided into two categories, lower and upper ankle bones. The arch is responsible for absorbing impact from walking and similar activities and contains muscles, tendons, blood vessels, and nerves. The arch of the foot is measured in length and width, and there is constant tension as the muscles pull the bones together to create the arch. If you would like to have additional knowledge about the biomechanics of the feet, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can provide you with the information you are seeking.

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Jeffrey L. Bober, DPM from Maryland. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Glen Burnie, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 14 March 2023 00:00

Which Toe Does Hammertoe Affect?

Hammertoe is an interesting affliction of the foot that causes the joints in the toes to become abnormal. As a result, the affected toe may look contorted and strange. More specifically, a hammertoe develops when the toe essentially bends in a hammer-like position, jutting up at a particular joint in the toe. Many patients with hammertoe often wonder which one of their toes is susceptible to developing hammertoe. The answer is simply that any toe could potentially be affected by hammertoe. However, certain toes are more likely to be impacted by it. For example, hammertoe is more likely to affect the three middle toes of the foot. It is also possible that only one middle toe will be affected. If you are struggling with hammertoe, it is suggested that you contact a podiatrist today to schedule an appointment.



Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Jeffrey L. Bober, DPM from Maryland. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.


  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes


Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe


Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact our office located in Glen Burnie, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 07 March 2023 00:00

Proper Care For Ankle Sprains

If an injured ankle doesn’t have enough time to thoroughly heal, the chances of a reinjury increase, experts say. Caring for an ankle sprain is essential to preventing a recurrence, and possible chronic pain. A sprain occurs when a ligament in the ankle joint is overstretched, resulting in tears of the tissue or, in severe cases, a rupture. Pain, swelling, bruising, and weakness in the joint are likely to occur. The first thing to do after incurring an ankle sprain is to stay off the foot. After being examined by a podiatrist to determine the severity of the sprain, a soft cast or protective boot may be prescribed. Bearing weight may be out of the question at first, and keeping the affected leg elevated as much as possible can speed up the healing process. Some type of pain medication is often prescribed, as well. The podiatrist may suggest certain exercises to strengthen the foot and ankle that can help to prevent future injuries and chronic pain. Patience is a necessary component of a permanent recovery from an ankle sprain, as healing can take as long as six weeks or more. For further guidance, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist for a treatment plan.

Although ankle sprains are common, they aren’t always minor injuries. If you need your ankle injury looked at, contact Jeffrey L. Bober, DPM from Maryland. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?

Ankle sprains are the result of a tear in the ligaments within the ankle. These injuries may happen when you make a rapid shifting movement while your foot is planted. A less common way to sprain your ankle is when your ankle rolls inward while your foot turns outward.

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Pain at the sight of the tear
  • Bruising/Swelling
  • Ankle area is tender to touch
  • In severe cases, may hear/feel something tear
  • Skin discoloration

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits

Treatment of a Sprain

In many cases, the RICE method (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevate) is used to treat ankle sprains. However, you should see a podiatrist to see which treatment option would work best with your injury. In severe cases, surgery may be required.

It is important to ask your doctor about rehab options after you receive treatment for your injury. Stretching, strength training, and balance exercises may help the ankle heal while also preventing further injury.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Glen Burnie, MD . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Saturday, 04 March 2023 00:00

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